Biological Control - Section 5

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1. Amano, H., and D. A. Chant. 1978a. Mating behavior and reproductive mechanisms of two species of predacious mites, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot and Amblyseius andersoni Chant (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Acarologia 20:196-213.

2. Amano, H., and D.A. Chant. 1978b. Some factors affecting reproduction and sex ratios in two species of predacious mites, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot and Amblyseius andersoni (Chant) (Acarina:Phytoseiidae). Can. J. Zool. 56:1593-1607.

3. Anonymous. 1975. Rearing parasites and predators. Growers' Bulletin No. 2. Littlehampton, Sussex: Glasshouse Crops Research Institute. 12 pp.

4. Anonymous. 1976a. The biological control of cucumber pests. (Growers' Bulletin No. 1 (2nd. edition). Littlehampton, Sussex: Glasshouse Crops Research Institute. 19 pp.

5. Anonymous. 1976b. The biological control of tomato pests. Growers' Bulletin No. 3. Littlehampton, Sussex: Glasshouse Crops Research Institute. 23 pp.

6. Ashihara, W., T. Hamamura, and N. Shinkaji. 1978. Feeding reproduction, and development of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina:Phytoseiidae) on various food substances. Bull. Fruit Tree Res. Stn. Ser. E 1978. 2:91- 98.

7. Avery, D.J., and J.B. Briggs. 1968. The aetiology and development of damage in young fruit trees infested with fruit tree red spider mite, Panonychus ulmi (Koch). Ann. Appl. Biol. 61:227-228.

8. Begljarow, G. A. 1967. Ergebnisse der Untersuchungen und der Anwendung von Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (1957) als biologische Bekampfungsmittel gegen Spinnmilben in der Sowjetunion. Nachrichtenblatt des Pflanzenschtzdienstes. 21(47):197-200.

9. Boudreaux, H.B. 1956. Revision of the twospotted spider mite (Acarina, Tetranychidae) complex, Tetranychus telarius (Linnaeus). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 49:43-48.

10. Boudreaux, H.B., and G. Dosse. 1963. Concerning the names of some common spider mites. Advances in Acarology 1:350-64.

11. Boys , F.E., and P.P. Burbutis. 1972. Influence of Phytoseiulus persimilis on populations of Tetranychus turkestani at the economic threshold on roses. J. Econ. Entomol. 65:114-117.

12. Cagle, L. R. 1949. Life history of the twospotted spider mite. Virginia Agr. Exp. Stn. Tech. Bull. 113:1-31.

13. Carey, J.R. and J.W. Bradley. 1982. Developmental rates, vital schedules, sex ratios and life tables for Tetranychus urticae, T. turkestani and T. pacificus (Acarina:Tetranychidae) on cotton. Acarologia-23-333 -345.

14. Chant, D.A. 1961. An experiment in biological control of Tetranychus telarius (L.) (Acarina:Tetranychidae) in a greenhouse using the predacious mite Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Phytoseiidae). Can. Entomol . 93:437-43.

15. Cone , W.W., L.M. McDonough, J.C. Maitlen , and S. Burdajewicz. 1971a. Pheromone studies of the twospotted spider mite. 1. Evidence of a sex pheromone. J. Econ. Entomol. 64:355-58.

16. Cone, W.W., S. Predki, and E.C. Klostermeyer. 1971b. Pheromone studies of the twospotted spider mite. 2. Behavioral response of males to quiescent deutonymphs. J. Econ. Entomol. 64:379-82.

17. Dosse, G. 1958. Uber einige neue Raubmilbenarten (Acarina:Phytoseiidae). Pflanzenschutzber-Berichte 21:44-61.

18. Eveleigh, E.S., and D.A. Chant. 1982. Experimental studies on acarine predator-prey interactions: the effects of predator density on immature survival, adult fecundity and emigratin rates, and the numerical response to prey density (Acarina:Phytoseiidae). Ibid. 60:630-638.

19. Field, R.P., and M.A. Hoy. 1984. Biological control of spider mites on greenhouse roses. California Agriculture 38(3-4):29- 32.

20. Force, D.C. 1967. Effect of temperature on biological control of twospotted spider mites by Phytoseiulus persimilis. J. Econ. Entomol. 60:1308-11.

21. French, N., W.J. Parr, H.J. Gould, J.J. Williams, and S.P. Simmonds. 1976. Development of biological methods for the control of Tetranychus urticae on tomatoes using Phytoseiulus persimilis. Ann. Appl. Biol. 83:177-89.

22. Gardner, W.A., R.D. Oetting, and G.K. Storey. 1982. Susceptibility of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, to the fungal pathogen Hirsutella thompsonii Fisher, Florida Entomologist 65:458-465.

23. Gilstrap, F.E. 1977. Table-top production of Tetranychid mites (Acarina) and their Phytoseiid natural enemies. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 50:229-233.

24. Gould, H.J. 1970. Preliminary studies of an integrated control programme for cucumber pests and an evaluation of methods of introducing Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot for the control of Tetranychus urticae Koch. Ann. Appl. Biol. 66:505- 13.

25. Gould, H.J. 1971. Large-scale trials of an integrated control programme for cucumber pests on commercial nurseries. Pl. Path. 20:149-56.

26. Gould, H.J., and W.I. St. G. Light. 1971. Biological control of Tetranychus urticae on stock plants of ornamental ivy. PI. Path. 20:18-20.

27. Hamlen, R.A. 1980. Report of Phytoseiulus persimilis management of Tetranychus urticae on greenhouse grown dieffenbachia. Bull. SROP/WPRS 1980 III/3: 65-74.

28. Hamlen, R.A. and R.K. Lindquist. 1981. Comparison of two Phytoseiulus species as predators of twospotted spider mites on greenhouse ornamentals. Environ. Entomol. 10:524-527.

29. Harris, K.M. 1971. A new approach to pest control in the Dahlia Trail at Wisley. J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 96:200-6.

30. Hassan, S.A. 1983. A practical method to monitor pests and natural enemies in integrated control experiments under glass. Bull. SROP/WPRS 1983 VI/3:186-193.

31. Hassan, S. A. and P. A. Oomen. 1985. Testing the side effects of pesticides on beneficial organisms by OILB Working Party. In N. W. Hussey and N. Scopes, [eds.] Biological Pest Control: The Glasshouse Experience. Blandford Press, Dorset, UK 237 pp.

32. Helle, W. 1967. Fertilization in the twospotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae: Acari). Entomol. Exp. & Appl. 10:103-10.

33. Helle , W., and W.P.J. Overmeer. 1973. Variability in tetranychid mites. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 18-97-120.

34. Helle, W., H.R. Bolland, R. van Arendonk, R. de Boer, G.G.M. Schulten, and V.M. Russell. 1978. Genetic evidence for biparental males in haplo-diploid predator mites (Acarina:Phytoseiidae). Genetica 48, 2/2: 165-71.

35. Hickman, G. W. 1984. Some commercial sources of biological control agents in California. Univ. Calif. Div. Agr. Nat. Res. Publ. 7115.

36. Hoy, M.A. 1982. Genetics and genetic improvement of the Phytoseiidae. In M.A. Hoy, [ed.] Recent advances in knowledge of the Phytoseiidae. Agricultural Sciences Publications, University of California, Berkeley, CA. 92 pp.

37. Hoy, M.A., D. Castro, and D. Cahn. 1982. Two methods for large scale production of pesticide-resistant strains of the spider mite predator, Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acarina:Phytoseiidae). Z. Angew. Entomol. 94:1-9.

38. Huffaker, C.B., M. van de Vrie , and J.A. McMurtry. 1969. The ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural control. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 14:125-74.

39. Huffaker, C.B., M. van de Vrie, and J.A. McMurtry. 1970. Ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural enemies: a review. II. Tetranychid populations and their possible control by predators: an evaluation. Hilgardia 40:391-458.

40. Hussey, N.W., and W.J. Parr. 1963. Dispersal of the glasshouse red spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Entoml. Exp. & Appl. 6-207-214.

41. Hussey, M.W., and C.B. Huffaker (Coordinators). 1976. Spider mites pp. 179-228, In Studies in Biological Control, V.L. Delucchi, (Ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. 380 pp.

42. Jeppson, L.R., H.H. Keifer, and E.W. Baker. 1975. Mites Injurious to Economic Plants. University of California Press, Berkeley 614 pp.

43. Kamburov, S.S. 1966. Methods of rearing and transporting predacious mites. J. Econ. Entomol. 59:875-77.

44. Karban, R. and J.R. Carey. 1984. Induced resistance of cotton seedlings to mites. Science 225:53-54.

45. Kennett, C.E., and L.E. Caltagirone. 1968. Biosystematics of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina:Phytoseiidae. Acarologia 10:563-77.

46. Laing, J.E. 1968. Life history and life table of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot. Acarologia 10:578-88.

47. Laing, J.E. 1969. Life history and life table of Tetranychus urticae Koch. Acarologia 11:32-42.

48. Laing, J.E., and C.B. Huffaker. 1969. Comparative studies of predation by Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot and Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acarina:Phytoseiidae) on populations of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Res. Popul. Ecol. 11:105-26.

49. Ledieu, M. 1985. Evaluation of side-effects of pesticides by the Glasshouse Crops Research Institute. In N.W. Hussey and N. Scopes, [eds.] Biological Pest Control: The Glasshouse experience. Blandford Press, Dorset, UK 237 pp.

50. Liesering, V.R. 1960. Beitrag zum phytopathologischen wirkungmechanisms of Tetranychus urticae Koch. Z. Pflkrankh. 67:524-42.

51. Lindquist, R.K. 1981. Introduction of predators for insect and mite control on commercial interior plantings. Ohio Florists' Assn. Bulletin No. 622:5-8.

52. Lindquist, R. K., C. Frost, and M. Wolgamott. 1980. Integrated control of insects and mites on Ohio greenhouse crops. Bull. SROP/WPRS 1980 III/3: 119-126.

53. Markkula, M., and K. Tiittanen. 1976. "Pest-in-First" and "natural infestation "methods in the control of Tetranychus urticae Koch with Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot on glasshouse cucumbers. Ann. Agric. Fenn. 15:81-85.

54. McClanahan, R.J. 1968. Influence of temperature on the reproductive potential of two mite predators of the twospotted spider mite. Can. Entomol. 100:549-56.

55. McMurtry, J.A. 1982. The use of phytoseiids for biological control: Progress and future prospects. In M.A. Hoy, [ed.] Recent advances in knowledge of-the Phytoseiidae. Agricultural Sciences Publications. University of California, Berkeley, CA. 92pp.

56. McMurtry, J.A., and G.T. Scriven. 1965. Insectary production of phytoseiid mites. J. Econ. Entomol. 58:282-84.

57. McMurtry, J.A., C.B. Huffaker, and M. van de Vrie. 1970. Ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural enemies: a review. I. Tetranychid enemies: their biological characters and the impact of spray practices. Hilgardia 40:331-90.

58. McMurtry, J. A., E. R. Oatman, P. A. Phillips, and C. W. Wood. 1978. Establishment of Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in Southern California. Entomophaga 23:175-79.

59. Mori, H., and D.A. Chant. 1966a. The influence of prey density, relative humidity, and starvation on the predacious behavior of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Can. J. Zool. 44:483-91.

60. Mori, H., and D.A. Chant. 1966b. The influence of humidity on the activity of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot and its prey, Tetranychus urticae (C.L.Koch) (Acarina:Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae. Can. J. Zool. 44:863-71.

61. Nachman, G. 1981. Temporal and spatial dynamics of an acarine predator-prey system. Ibid. 50:435-451.

62. Olkowski, W. and J. Redmond. 1983. IPM products list. Bio Integral Resource Center (B.I.R.C.), Berkeley, CA. 23pp.

63. Parr, W.J., and N.W. Hussey. 1966. Diapause in the glasshouse red spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch): a synthesis of present knowledge. Hort. Res. 6:1-21.

64. Parr, W. J. 1968. Cold storage of Phytoseiulus. Rep. Glasshouse Crops Res. Inst. 1967(1968):79.

65. Penman, D.R., and W.W. Cone. 1972. Behavior of male twospotted spider mites in response to quiescent female deutonymphs and to web. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65:1289-93.

66. Penman, D.R., and W.W. Cone. 1974. Role of web, tactile stimuli, and female sex pheromone in attraction of male twospotted spider mites to quiescent female deutonymphs. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 67-179-82.

67. Plotnikov, V.F., and V.P. Sadkowskij. 1972. The use of Phytoseiulus persimilis in biological control of twospotted spider mite in glasshouse farm "Belaa daca." In "Biologiceskij metod borby s veditelami ovoscnych kultur" (in Russian). Moskva "Kolos": 18-25.

68. Potter, D.A., D.L. Wrensch, and D.E. Johnston. 1976a. Aggression and mating success in spider mites. Science 193:160-61.

69. Potter, D.A., D.L. Wrensch, and D.E. Johnston. 1976b. Guarding, aggressive behavior, and mating success in male twospotted spider mites. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 69:707-11.

70. Pralavorio, M. and L. Almaguel-Rojas. 1980. Influence de la temperature et de 1'humidite reltive sur le developpement et la reproduction de Phytoseiulus persimilis. SROP/WPRS 1980 III/3, 157-162.

71. Pritchard, A.E. 1949. California greenhouse pests and their control. Calif. Agri. Exp. Stn. Bull. 173:1-72.

72. Pruszynski, S. 1976. Observations on the predacious behavior of Phytoseiulus persimilis. Bull. SROP/WPRS 1976/4:39-44.

73. Ravensberg, W.J., J.C. van Lenteren, and J. Woets. 1983. Developments in application of biological control in greenhouse vegetables in the Netherlands since 1979. 1983 Bull. SROP/WPRS VI/3:36-48.

74. Sabelis, M.W. 1981. Biological control of twospotted spider mites using phytoseiid predators. I. Agric. Res. Report 910. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

75. Sabelis, M.W. and H.E. van der Bean. 1983. Location of distant spider mite colonies by phytoseiid predators: demonstration of specific kairomones emitted by Tetranychus urticae and Panonychus ulmi. Entomol. Exp. & Appl. 33:303-314.

76. Sances, F.V., J.A. Wyman, and I.P. Tinq. 1979a. Physiological responses to spider mite infestations on strawberries. Environ. Entomol. 8:711-714.

77. Sances, F.V., J.A. Wyman, and I.P. Ting. 1979b. Morphological responses of strawberry leaves to infestations of twospotted spider mite). J. Econ. Entomol. 72:710-713.

78. Schmidt, V.G. 1976. Der einfluss der von den beutetieren hinterlassenen spuren auf suchverhalten und sucherfolg von Phytoseiulus persimilis A. & H. (Acarina, Phytoseiidae). Z. Ang. Entomol. 82:16-18.

79. Schulten, G.G.M. 1980. A strain of Phytoseiulus persimilis resistant to organophosphorus compounds. PP119-120. In A. K. Minks and P. Gruys, [eds.] Integrated control of insect pests in the Netherlands. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 304 pp.

80. Schulten, G. G. M., G. van de Klashorst, and V. M. Rullell. 1976. Resistance of Phytoseiulus persimilis A.H. (Acari: Phytoseiidae) to some insecticides. Z. Angew. Entomol. 80:337-341.

81. Schulten, G.G.M., R.C.M. van Arendonk, V.M. Russell, and F.A. Roorda. 1978. Copulation, egg production and sex-ratio in Phytoseiulus persimilis and Amblyseius bibens. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 24:145-153.

82. Scopes, N.E.A. 1968. Mass rearing Phytoseiulus riegeli Dosse for use in commercial horticture. Pl. Path. 17:123-26.

83. Scriven, G.T. and J.A. McMurtry. 1971. Quantitative production and processing of tetranychid mites for large-scale testing or predator production. J. Econ. Entomol. 64:1255-57.

84. Shaw, P.B. 1982. Analysis and simulation of the population dynamics of a predator-prey system consisting of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari:Phytoseiidae) and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychus)-with particular regard to the significance of the life history parameters of both species, the functional response, the components of the numerical response, and temperature. Ph.D. thesis. University of California, Davis, California. 229 pp.

85. Shih, C.T., S.L. Poe, and H.L. Cromroy. 1976. Biology, life table, and intrinsic rate of increase of Tetranychus urticae. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 69:362-64.

86. Simmonds, S.P. 1972. Observations on the control of Tetranychus urticae on roses by Phytoseiulus persimilis. Pl. Path. 21-.163-65.

87. Steiner. M.Y. and D.P. Elliott. 1983. Biological pest management for interior plantscapes. Vegreville, A.B. Alberta Environmental Center. 30 pp.

88. Stenseth, C. 1979. Effect of temperature and humidity on the development of Phytoseiulus persimilis and its ability to regulate populations of Tetranychus urticae (Acarina:Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae). Entomophaga 24:311-317.

89. Stenseth, C. 1980. Methods for usinq Phytoseiulus persimilis for control of Tetranychus urticae on cucumber. Bull. SROP/WPRS 1980 III/3-221-224.

90. Takafuji, A. 1977. The effect of the rate of successful dispersal of a phytoseiid mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias- Henriot (Acarina:Phytoseiidae) on the persistence in the interactive system between the predator and its prey. Res. Popul. Ecol. 18-21O-22.

91. Takafuji, A. and D. A. Chant. 1976. Comparative studies of two species of predacious phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae), with special reference to their responsive studies of two species of predacious phytoseiid mites (Acarina:Phytoseiidae), with special reference to their responses to the density of their prey. Ibid 17:255-310.

92. Tauber, M.J. 1977. Problems and promise of biological control in protected culture crops. pp. 95-96, In Pest Management in Protected Culture Crops, R.E. Webb and F.F. Smith, (eds.). Washington, D. C.:ARS-NE-85.

93. Tauber, M.J. and R.G. Helgesen. 1978. Implementing biological control systems in commercial greenhouse crops. Bull. Entomol.Soc. Am. 24:424-26.

94. Theaker, T.L. and N.V. Tonks. 1977. A method for rearing the predacious mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). J. Entomol. Soc. Brit. Columbia 74:8-9.

95. Ustchekow, A.T. and G.A. Begljarow. 1968. Effect of the temperature and humidity on the development of predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis A.-H. Proceedings of the XIIIth Internation 1 Congress of Entomology, Moskva, P. 198-199.

96. Voroshilov, V. 1979. Heat-resistant lines of the mite Phytoseiulus persimilis A.-H. Sov. Genet. 15:46-50.

97. van de Vrie, M., J.A. McMurtry, and C.B. Huffaker. 1972. Ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural enemies: a review. III. Biology, ecology, and pest status, and host- plant relations of tetranychids. Hilgardia 41:343-432.

98. Watson, T.F. 1964. Influence of host plant condition on population increase of Tetranychus telarius (Linnaeus) (Acarina:Tetranychidae). Hilgardia 35:273-322.

99. Woets, J. and J.C. van Lenteren. 1983. Sting Newsletter on biological control in greenhouses. No. 6, September 1983. Glasshouse Crops Research and Experiment Station, Naaldwijk, The Netherlands. 28 pp.

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