All photos, except where otherwise noted, are by:

Lance S. Osborne

University of Florida/IFAS

2725 Binion Road

Apopka, Florida 32703

407-884-2034 ext. 163



Lance Osborne, left, a professor of entomology at the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, checks papaya plants with Debra Taylor, a deputy at the Seminole County Correctional Facility in Sanford. Inmates at the facility, who have been growing their own vegetables for more than 10 years, are also growing beneficial bugs on the plants for researchers at UF’s Mid-Florida Research and Education Center in Apopka and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. (AP photo by Thomas Wright, University of Florida/IFAS)  


Deputy Taylor explaining how the inmates rear Gratiana boliviana on Tropical Soda Apple.

Dr. Medal ( University of Florida-IFAS) and Deputy Tailor inspecting Tropical Soda Apple on which Gratiana boliviana are produced.



 Adult of  Gratiana boliviana feeding on Tropical Soda Apple.

Larval stage of  Gratiana boliviana feeding on Tropical Soda Apple.



Damage to Tropical Soda Apple by Gratiana boliviana.