Red Leaf Spot of Amaryllis

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Plant Pathology Circular No. 162, January 1976
Fla. Dept. Agric. & Consumer Services
Division of Plant Industry

J. J. McRitchie


Amaryllis, Hippeastrum sp. hybrids, are widely grown throughout the United States. With their large lily-like flowers, they are prized as house plants in the North and in outdoor gardens in the subtropical South. The flowers range in color from orange, yellow, green, and red to pure white. All species of Hippeastrum are native to tropical and subtropical America, from Mexico and the West Indies south to Chile and Argentina (7).

The most common fungus disease of amaryllis is caused by Stagonospora curtisii (Berk.) Sacc. The disease is variously known as red leaf spot, red blotch, and red fire (2). The same fungus also attacks Narcissus spp. causing the disease known as leaf scorch (1). The fungus also affects a large number of other amaryllids (6).

SYMPTOMS.
Both leaves and flower stalks are attacked by the fungus. Initial symptoms are small red spots which enlarge, elongate, and become sunken (fig. 1). In later stages, the gray mycelium of the fungus develops in the center of the lesions while the border remains red. Severely attacked leaves and flower stalks are characteristically deformed or bent at the infected area. Since any injury to amaryllis tissue usually produces a red pigment, all red spots are not necessarily associated with the disease (3).


Fig. 1. Red leaf spot of amaryllis showing characteristic elongate sunken lesions.

CONTROL.
Since the fungus may infect the bulbs, heavily infected bulbs should be discarded. Infected scales from bulbs that are lightly infected should be removed, and the bulbs immersed in water at 40C (104F) for 30 minutes (5).

Reference to University of Florida/IFAS Pest Control Guides


Contribution No. 411, Bureau of Plant Pathology, P. O. Box 1269, Gainesville, FL 32602.


Literature Cited

1. Creager, D. B. 1933. Leaf scorch of narcissus. Phytopathology 23: 770-786.

2. Creager, D. B. 1959. Red leaf spot of amaryllis. Fla. State Plant Board, Plant Pathol. and Nematol. Lab Note 22. 4 p.

3. Forsberg, J. L. 1963. Diseases of ornamental plants. Univ. III. Spec. Publ. 3. 208 p.

4. Gill, D. L. 1954. Reducing amaryllis leaf spot by spraying. Plant Dis. Reptr. 43:1272-1273.

5. Mullin, R. A., and T. A. Kucharek, eds. 1971. Florida plant disease control guide. Inst. Food & Agr. Sci., Univ. Fla., Gainesville, p. II-10.

6. Smith, C. O. 1935. Inoculations of Stagonospora curtisii on the Amaryllidaceae in California. Phytopathology 25:262-267.

7. Traub, H. P. 1958. The amaryllis manual. The Macmillan Co., New York. 338 p.